Monthly Archives: July 2016

Review: Locating Atonement

atone

Random. Recapitulation. Satisfaction. Penal Substitution. Moral Influence. Christus Victor. What encompasses the meaning of “atonement”? Did only Christ’s death bring atonement? Does Christ’s incarnation, perfect life, death, resurrection, and ascension contribute to his atoning work? To whom does the atonement extend? Do we have to choose just one theory or are we allowed to mix and match?

Locating Atonement, edited by Oliver Crisp and Fred Sanders, are a collection of essays from the third annual Los Angeles Theology Conference. Rather than discussing which atonement theory (or theories) work the best, the speakers at the LATC were asked to address the relationship between the atonement and other biblical doctrines. How does the atonement work within the web of biblical doctrine in Christian theology? If placed beside the doctrine of the Trinity, or creation, or human suffering, or the image of God, what would the atonement add to understanding of these doctrines? 

“No doubt theologians should focus on giving a proper account of particular doctrines, their shape, their dogmatic function, and so forth. But theologians should also pay attention to the relationship between different doctrines in the wider scheme of Christian theology” (14)

The Atonement and . . .

Chapter 1 (External works of the Trinity) – Adonis Vidu sets the atonement within the oneness of the Trinity – there are no works that the Father does that the Son and the Holy Spirit are not involved.

[T]he whole Trinity is active in the death of Jesus, not just the Father punishing the Son. The whole Trinity is present to us in a new way in the human nature of the Son, taking upon itself, in this new human nature, our penal death (42).

Chapter 2 (Creation) – Here Matthew Levering critiques Nicholas Wolterstorf’s critique of satisfaction theories on the atonement and his belief that Jesus rejected the OT reciprocity principle. After this Levering draws upon Aquinas and offers an account of reciprocal justice as grounded in the created order.

Chapter 3 (Image of God) – Ben Myers argues that the church fathers had a consistent and rational explanation for the atonement, one that was rich in christology and the human condition.

Chapter 4 (Wisdom) – This was by fay my favorite chapter as Strobel and Levenson show that “the atonement is the doctrinal elaboration of the movement and action of God incarnate for us through death into resurrection; it is doctrinal reflection on who God is and how he is for us in the descent and exaltation of Christ” (89). He shows how God’s wisdom, which is foolishness to the world, defeats death in the grotesque death and glorious resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Chapter 5 (Covenant) – Jeremy Treat views the atonement through covenant. Sinners are reconciled to God through the death of Christ, the one who fulfulled the covenant obligations and who took on himself the covenant curses, and we are now brought together as family.

Chapter 6 (Incarnation) – R. Lucas Stamps argues for the necessity of Jesus’ two wills (a.k.a. “Dyothelitism”) for the atoning work as God-Man as it better explains Christ’s “divine intention and human obedience” (138).

Chapter 7 (Punishment and Retribution) – Hill and Jedwab focus on the viability of penal substitution, that the B was punished by A in place of C. B = the Son; A = the Father; C = sinners. If the previous sentence is any indication, this essay is quite analytical.

Chapter 8 (Divine Wrath) – In their essay, Yang and Davis respond to objections against divine wrath and then present their own understanding of divine wrath along with some reasons why we as Christians should see God as possessing this attribute.

Chapter 9 (Shame) – Shame is separate from guilt. “Shame is ‘I am bad.’ Guilt is ‘I did something bad.’” Christ took on our humanness. He began his human life in shame. He associated with the shameful. He died the ultimate shameful death. Mark McConnell shows that Jesus took on our shameful stats as sinners before God so that we could have Christ’s life, strength, and obedience.

Chapter 10 (Human Suffering) – Bruce McCormack relates the atonement to human suffering saying that, at best, human suffering is an analogy to Christ’s sufferings.

Chapter 11 (Eucharist) – Eleanor Stump writes about the atonement in relation to the Eucharist where one reenacts their original surrender to God, though it is more like the renewal of a marriage vow. It strengthens a Christians perseverance to finish to the end. Of all of the essays, I think this one had the least to do with its intended topic.

Chapter 12 (Ascension of Christ) – Michael Horton shows how the ascension is a crucial aspect of Christ’s atonement. It was after the ascension that Pentecost happened where the Holy Spirit came and filled the believers. Christians are united to Christ by the Spirit, the one “who brings the powers of the age to come into this present age” (235).

Recommended?

This book will likely be over your head unless you are in seminary, or you have graduated seminary, or you are well-versed in atonement theology. If you are, then this book is right up your alley. But if you are like me and you haven’t read much theology on the atonement, this book will be more difficult for you. But I can’t give this book the boot simply because of my lack of experience on the theology of atonement (and philosophy, and patristic theories, etc).

For those who have a rich interest in atonement theology, there is so much detail and nuance to be understood, to be grasped, worked and wrestled with. I’ll warn you that this is dense, it’s not always easy to read, and having a different author for each essay varies the quality, but if you have a good handle on atonement theology, you will enjoy this book.

Lagniappe

Buy it on Amazon or from Zondervan!

(Special thanks to Zondervan for this review book!)

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Review: A Guide to Biblical Commentaries and Reference Works

a guide

Just how many commentaries are there on the market today?

Screen Shot 2016-07-17 at 8.55.19 PM

Taken from Best Commentaries, this list consists of 234 different commentary series (with the exception of a few, i.e., NSBT). Disregarding the fact that some biblical books come packed together in certain commentaries, 234 different series multiplied by the 66 books of the Bible comes out to a whopping 15,444 commentaries. Unless you’re Richie Rich and you have discovered the fountain of youth, you’re not giong to be reading 15,444 commentaries within the span of your life. And why would you want to? Some are very dated, others just aren’t good. So how are you supposed to be able to choose which commentary is the right one?

John F. Evans provides us with his 10th edition of A Guide to Biblical Commentaries and Reference Works. His first edition came out in 1989, and 27 years later scholars, teachers, pastors, laymen alike are served by this new 10th edition.

What’s in this edition?

Summary

Evans starts by giving the reader “Two Warnings for Orientation” and about how commentaries are not to be used as a crutch. No matter how many commentaries you do read, nor how many you want to read, they do not replace your own personal Bible study efforts. All commentators have their own background of ideas and beliefs (conservative, liberal, and all in between). None of them will be 100% right, even if you combined them all. You ought to know how to study the Bible for yourself. You may end up in a situation where you can’t bring any commentaries with you.

Then he gives a few pages for:

  • Book Format
  • Standards for Evaluating Commentaries
  • Background Reading
  • Other Bible Reference Works
  • Old Commentaries & Foreign Language Works
  • Notes on Computer Technology

He spends 25 pages explaining the different commentary series, and a few new ones have cropped up since the 9th edition (e.g.,  ABCS, BMT, ZECNT, ZECOT, etc).

Next, Evans, book-by-book, lists his top five or six commentaries and gives a brief explanation of each one. After his highlights, he gives a successive list on other commentaries helping to sift between the good, the bad, and the ugly, with the good usually being in bold. It’s amazing the vast amounts of detail he gives overall. Where someone finds this kind of time for a quality reference book like this is (still) beyond me.

Evans doesn’t simply give information. He often informs the reader if a commentary is more help to the student, the pastor, or the scholar (or any mix of them). He notes if a commentary is so large and dense that the average pastor may find little value for weekly his preparation, but a student or scholar will find the book of great value. This is necessary because no commentary is the same, and it is a letdown when a pastor buys a commentary only to find out that it has been written with only the pure scholar in mind. Evans has a symbol key to show how critical a commentary is.

Aside from the biblical books, Evans provides information on books covering 10 different topics:

  • Pentateuchal Studies
  • Reading Narrative & the Former Prophets
  • Poetry & Wisdom Literature
  • Prophets & Prophetic Literature
  • Apocalyptic Literature
  • The Twelve Minor Prophets
  • Jesus & Gospels Research
  • Sermon on the Mount
  • The Parables of Jesus
  • Pauline Studies

At the end of the book he gives his top picks for pastors on a budget (Bargains for a Bare-Bones Library). Next he gives his Ideal Basic Library for the Pastor. If a pastor could only buy two commentaries, on each book of the Bible, which ones would be the best to choose from?

Then he lists OT, NT, and whole Bible reference tools. Lastly he presents his if-money-were-no-object Ultimate Reference Library.

The Spoiled Milk

This is a superb up-to-date reference book. My only complaint is when Evans talks more about the commentator than about the commentary itself. For example, on Barnabas Lindars’ Judges 1-5 commentary, Evans says,

This Catholic scholar long taught at Manchester and was an accomplished OT and NT exegete. Sadly, he died before he could complete this work, and the publisher released it outside the ICC series. (a 19th century interpreter, Bachmann, also only got to ch. 5.) Here you’ll find approximately 300pp. of exceedingly careful and comprehensive textual analysis which will be valued by serious researchers for decades to come. (115)

But considering that Evans fills 371 pages worth of material on commentaries and topical/canonical guides, we really can’t expect a full review of each commentary. And often when Evans does speak about the commentator, the reader should be able to see the commentator’s perspective and know if they would find the commentary useful or not.

Recommended?

If you are a pastor or a student who is of the kind which uses commentaries, this book will save you time and money. Although since you’ll know which commentaries are the ‘good’ ones, you may end up spending more money buying them all (or spending a lot of time on Amazon praying for deals). Regardless, this would be a worthy addition to your library. The 10th editions is 80 pages longer than the 9th edition.

There are also two single Testament commentaries out now. One is authored by Tremper Longman (Old Testament Commentary Survey), the other by D. A. Carson (New Testament Commentary Survey). Both are great scholars, but I have found that Evans gives more detail in this whole Bible guide and is of a much higher quality and standard. If I’m not careful, a book like this may just make my blog obsolete! 

Lagniappe

  • Author: John F. Evans
  • Paperback: 480 pages
  • Publisher: Zondervan; 10th edition (May 3, 2016)

An additional website that is very helpful in finding good commentaries: Best Commentaries

Buy it on Amazon or from Zondervan!

(Special thanks to Zondervan for allowing me to review this book!)

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Review: Counsel From the Cross

counsel-from-the-cross

 

I’m reading and reviewing this book per request from Mari. We’ll be attending SBTS this fall where my focus will be in Biblical and Theological Studies and Mari’s will be in Biblical Counseling. This should be a good duo as we can both rely on the other’s fuller knowledge of study as we work in ministry. As you likely already know, I tend to read books that are less applicational and which are more focused on the literary-ness of the Bible (what the biblical authors are saying, the connections they’re making in the text, and some overflow into practical application). But equally important is the “application,” as John Frame has said, 

Imagine someone saying that he understands the meaning of a passage of Scripture but doesn’t know at all how to apply it. Taking that claim literally would mean that he could answer no questions about the text, recommend no translations into other languages, draw no implications from it, or explain none of its terms in his own words. Could we seriously accept such a claim? When one lacks knowledge of how to ‘apply’ a text, his claim to know the ‘meaning’ becomes and empty—meaningless—claim. Knowing the meaning, then, is knowing how to apply. The meaning of Scripture is its application. (The Doctrine of the Knowledge of God, p. 67).

And if John Frame, author of a few thick, dense books on God, the knowledge of God, and systematic theology, says that knowing the Bible means knowing how to apply Scripture to the everyday person, then it’s clearly important.

Mari read this book some time ago and really enjoyed it. She asked me if I would read and review it, and I agreed to do it once I finished my other reviews. I finished this back in April or May, and I have to say that it’s a fantastic book. While they don’t claim “that medical expertise never has a role in addressing certain personal problems,” this book is about applying Jesus’ death, resurrection, ascension, and his righteousness to our every day lives (48). That means every day. Every single fun, boring, hard, lazy, rainy, sunny, allergy-filled, kid-filled days. From family gatherings to funerals, from dinner with friends to hospital visits, from school bills to late night ice cream runs, Christians are to apply what Christ has done for us on any and every day of the week.

When I (Elyse) asked a friend of mine how the resurrection should impact troubles she was facing, she replied, ‘I suppose that it should but I just don’t know how.’ We’ve written this book for everyone who can echo that thought, for those who say, ‘We know that Jesus should matter more than he does; we just don’t know how to make that happen’ (20).

I can certainly relate to this. Up until recently I barely knew the importance of the ascension. Yes, I knew it meant Jesus was our heavenly Mediator and his ascension brought the Spirit’s descension, but until I read Michael Morales’ book I was clueless as to most of the what’s and why’s of the ascension. But besides looking at the biblical rationale behind the aspects of Jesus’ life, how does the life, death, resurrection, and ascension of our Lord and Savior make a difference to our every day?

We focus on gospel truths for the sake of Christians involved in helping ministries who want to see how the Bible and, in particular, the gospel of Jesus Christ can help others who are suffering. For instance, does the Bible address the blight of pornography or the darkness of depression? If so, how? Does the gospel speak to men and women with broken hearts and broken marriages? What does Jesus’ sinless life mean when your friend discovers that her husband has filed for divorce? (20)

Summary

Chapter One begins by looking at a “white-noise” verse, one we often skim over as we nod our head in agreement while probably not thinking about its significance. Ephesians 5.1 says, “Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children.” We skim over Ephesians 4.32 where Paul tells us that “God in Christ forgave” us, therefore we are to imitate God as beloved children because we are his beloved children. The way we think about this affects how we think about ourselves and others.

Chapter Two, As children of God we get to experience the glory of God in the presence of Christ. It is a glory that doesn’t fade, but it only grows larger as we are continually transformed through the means of God’s grace: the preached Word, baptism, the Lord’s supper, and fellowship with believers. We don’t need to keep the Law perfectly to experience God’s glory. Christ kept it for us, and we are to imitate him.

Chapter Three, God loves us, but how much does he really love us? Does our sin decrease his love for us? Surely not! Not only are our sins are gone(!), not only are they not remembered(!), but God delights in us! Yet, in chapter four, losing this gospel message can turn us into either the Happy Moralist or the Sad Moralist. We either drown in pride thinking we’re doing better than the rest and that there is a God on the throne who is fully satisfied with our holy actions, or we drown in pride because we try to do prove we are worthy of God’s love to calm our uncalmable conscience. The authors turn our attention back to God and his endless love for us.

The next four chapters focus on the gospel and counseling (ch 5), sanctification (ch 6), our emotions (ch 7), and our relationships (ch 8).

Chapter Nine brings us to our glory story, the sort of thinking that says we don’t need a crucified Savior. We simply need a helping hand (or a kick in the pants) every once in a while. Yet like Peter in Matthew 26.75, “The unavoidable end of the glory story is always utter despair; there is no other possibility” (173). What is counsel from the cross? It’s knowing nothing except Christ and him crucified. “The point is precisely that the power to do good comes only out of this wild claim that everything has already been done” (181).

There are four appendices. The first defends biblical counseling over against secular psychology. The second provides Scriptural passages on various topics (e.g., bitterness, envy, grief, laziness, etc) to use when counseling. The third is an overview of the gospel, and the fourth is the text of Psalm 78 which reviews Israel’s history of constant rejection toward God’s love and God’s history of patience and love toward Israel.

Recommended?

Why should you read this book over any other counseling book? This isn’t the be-all and end-all of all Christian counseling books, but this book is one that is centered on the Gospel. While some chapters were more basic than others, it beautifully shows the gospel, and is a book I would have loved to have owned years ago, but I’m happy to have it now.

Lagniappe

  • Authors: Elyse Fitzpatrick and Dennis Johnson
  • Paperback: 240 pages
  • Publisher: Crossway; Redesign edition (April 30, 2012)

Buy it on Amazon or from Crossway

(Special thanks to my wife for having me read this book! I was not obligated to provide a positive review in exchange for this book, though maybe for food).

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Review: Christ is King

jipp

Joshua Jipp is Assistant Professor of New Testament at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School (or TEDS), and, in his book Christ is King, writes that “one of the ways early worshippers of Christ made sense of the significance of Jesus and their experience of him was through using royal tropes* and motifs to depict Christ as king” (3).

Jipp’s basic argument is that “Paul used, reworked, and applied ancient conceptions of the good king—both Greco-Roman and Jewish—to Christ in order to structure reality or the symbolic universe of his congregations” (9).

This does not mean that Christ was simply another king among many. “Paul clearly portrays Christ as absolutely set apart from and superior to any other ruler” (10). Thus we can’t (and won’t) fully understand Paul’s language unless we understand that Paul is “frequently . . . setting forth a vision of Christ as the king” (11).

Summary

In his introduction, Jipp lays out his basic argument, surveys kingship discourse in Greek, Hellenistic, Roman writings, and in the remains of temples, statues, coins, etc. Next he surveys Israel’s conception of their king by looking through the Old Testament (especially the Psalter) and Second Temple texts.

In the next four chapters Jipp shows that Paul and the Christian community thought of Jesus Christ as the good king. He was the Son of David and the enthroned Son of God.

Chapter 2 looks at Christ the king as living law, and Jipp tries to make sense of the phrase “the law of Christ” (Gal 6.2; 1 Cor 9.22). If Christians no longer have to follow the Law, how are we to live under the one who fulfilled and embodies the Law? Christ is a living law and we are to imitate his example by loving the weak.

Chapter 3 looks at the Christ hymns found in Colossians 1.15-20 and Philippians 2.6-11. Hymns were written about Greco-Roman kings for the benefactions they gave to their people. Christ, the Son of God, was elected by God, shares his throne, rules on his behalf, and brings peace and harmony. Christ is worthy of divine worship.

In chapters 2 and 3 Jipp presents both Greco-Roman writings and Jewish writings as evidence that Paul viewed Christ as king. I would likely never have seen these Greco-Roman writings had it not been for Jipp. For example, Jipp paraphrases a Greek maxim, “[I]f gods are those who exercise power, then a king is god-like” (85). Kings were seen to have created/re-created a new peaceful world order. Augustus was the “beginning of the breath of life” and he “brought war to an end and set everything in peaceful order” (91).

“He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in everything he might be preeminent (Col 1.18b).

“And through Christ to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross” (Col 1.20).

Paul is not clicking the cut-and-paste button and plagiarizing from Greco-Roman writers. Only Jesus made peace by his own blood, that blood which has been shed on the cross, and it is through this shed blood that Christ triumphs over his enemies (Col 1.20; 2.14-15). 

In chapters 4 and 5 Jipp sets his sights on Israel’s conception of kingship and looks primarily at the psalter. In chapter 4, since we are in Christ’s kingdom, we share his Holy Spirit, he is the first fruits of the resurrection (a resurrection that believers will surely experience), believers share “in numerous aspects of Christ’s rule” (143). Christ participated in our lowly, destitute estate so that we could participate with him in his glorious kingdom.

In chapter 5 Jipp contributes to a notoriously difficult discussion: the righteousness of God, and he does this while looking at how God’s righteousness is seen in the righteous King in Romans. Wicked humanity has killed the only truly righteous King. But God’s righteousness is seen because God doesn’t let this King rot in the ground, but instead resurrects him and seats him on his heavenly throne. God will then judge the wicked through Jesus Christ the King, all while saving his people, those who participate in Christ’s kingdom, those who give him divine worship and who follow in his image in loving and sacrificing for others.

Conclusion

I have nothing negative to say about this book. I only wish it were longer! Jipp is scholarly, well-researched, and interacts with both modern works and primary sources, yet his writing is clear and understandable. He has clarified many difficult concepts for me and has helped me better understand my King and the position I and other believers have under our King.

Jipp succeeds in his mission to show how Paul reworked the “good-king” system that the rest of the culture used to represent their own faulty kings. Christ is the true, perfect, loving King who brings peace and who allows us to participate with him in his righteous kingdom. He will not leave us to rot in our graves, but will come back to resurrect us into an eternal life with him.

* a trope is a figurative or metaphorical use of a word/expression

Lagniappe

Buy it on Amazon or from Fortress Press!

(Special thanks to Fortress Press for allowing me to review this book! I was not obligated to provide a positive review in exchange for this book).

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Review: Proverbs (TOTC)

Proverbs

Derek Kidner was a brilliant British Old Testament scholar who taught at Oak Hill Theological College before becoming Warden of Tyndale House. The book of Proverbs (TOTC) is just one of the many commentaries Kidner has written (see here for the full list).

The Tyndale Old Testament Commentary (TOTC) series is almost complete (we’re still waiting for Boda’s Ezra-Nehemiah volume), while the TNTC series has been completed. In general, the volumes in the series are kept at a moderate length, and there are comments to encourage devotional thought. Still it should be said that these volumes are exegetical in nature, and, as Kidner writes, “the meaning of the text must be even a short commentary’s first concern” (9).

Outline

Kidner begins his commentary in Part One with a brief study of the Book of Proverbs and the Wisdom of Israel. Wisdom literature was important to Israel (and should be important to us) because “there are details of character small enough to escape the mesh of law and the broadsides of the prophets, and yet [are] decisive in personal dealings” (13). You wife may be beautiful, but is she a brawler (Prov 25.24; 27.15)? Your man might make your sides hurt with laughter, but is he wiser in his own eyes than seven men with good sense (26.16)?

Second comes Wisdom in the Ancient World. The authors of Proverbs likely used both original and material from their Mesopotamian neighbors. Yet the book of Proverbs is set within the context of YHWH who reveals himself to his people. Unlike the ‘Babylonian Job,’ Israel’s Job (and Israel themselves) knew the things that were pleasing to their God. “Egyptian jewels, as at the Exodus, have been re-set to their advantage by Israelite workmen and put to finer use” (24).

Kidner finishes Part One with a survey of the structure, authorship, date, and text of Proverbs.

In Part Two, Kidner shows us a glimmer of Israel’s jewels in a series of 8 subject-studies, reoccurring themes in Proverbs:

  • God and Man
  • Wisdom
  • The Fool
  • The Sluggard
  • The Friend
  • Words
  • The Family
  • Life and Death

These 24 pages were by far the favorite section for Mari and I. “You have to be good to be wise” and “you have to be wise to be really good” (30). Even more so,

you have to be godly to be wise; and this is not because godliness pays, but because the only wisdom by which you can handle everyday things in conformity with their nature is the wisdom by which they were divinely made and ordered” (30).

To not be wise is to be the fool who has “no idea of a patient search for wisdom” and his mind is closed to God. It is to be the sluggard, the figure of the tragi-comedy.  He will not begin, finish, nor face things. Because the sluggard learns not from God-given examples (e.g. the ant), it is far too late for him to learn when he is confronted his own wasted life. The wise person takes note and does not imitate the sluggard. Ever.

In the next section Kidner divides Proverbs into 7 main sections. He looks at the meaning and usage of words, where they are found throughout Proverbs and other OT books, and how a word or phrase might be better translated.

The volume ends with a short concordance 10 pages in length “that helps locate lost sayings (in territory notoriously hard to search) and encourages further subject studies” (9).

The (Brief) Chocolate Milk

Kidner is both clever and concise with his words. Rather than getting a 1,000 page commentary of dense syntactical, grammatical, textual details, one gets a brief comment on almost every verse of Proverbs. This makes the commentary easy to use for devotional reading, as each chapter on Proverbs doesn’t require you to read 30+ pages. Instead, most of Kidner’s chapters run about 5 pages each.

But something must be said about this brevity, a disappointment found by both Mari and I. 

The Spoiled Milk

While Kidner writes that “the meaning of the text must be even a short commentary’s first concern” (9), I must defer to John Frame who wrote,

Imagine someone saying that he understands the meaning of a passage of Scripture but doesn’t know at all how to apply it. Taking that claim literally would mean that he could answer no questions about the text, recommend no translations into other languages, draw no implications from it, or explain none of its terms in his own words. Could we seriously accept such a claim? When one lacks knowledge of how to ‘apply’ a text, his claim to know the ‘meaning’ becomes and empty—meaningless—claim. Knowing the meaning, then, is knowing how to apply. The meaning of Scripture is its application. (The Doctrine of the Knowledge of God, p. 67).

While I’m sure Kidner would know how to apply the truths of Proverbs, the application is often left on the cutting room floor. To give but one example, on Proverbs 18.8 (“Tidbits of Gossip”) Kidner comments,

Delicious morsels (RSV) is a more likely translation than AV’s wounds; modern scholars agree in deriving it from a verb ‘to swallow greedily’. See subject-study: Words 1 (1), p. 43. The proverb is exactly repeated in 26:22 (121). 

When it comes to actual devotional use, this commentary is hit and miss. Sometimes it works, and others times it isn’t. I would like to have seen more of Kidner’s wordsmithing in this commentary, particularly how Christ is the Wisdom of God and how Christian are to use this godly wisdom in their life.

Recommended?

Like apples of gold in a setting of silver, Kidner words are fitly spoken. Yet I wouldn’t recommend this as your first Proverbs commentary. For the same price you could get Duane Garrett’s NAC volume Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs or Eric Lane’s Proverbs volume in the Focus on the Bible series. Kidner will prove helpful on the subject-studies, the outline of Proverbs, and some critical-textual matters. If you want to go even deeper, head over to Longman and Waltke.

Lagniappe

  • Author: Derek Kidner
  • Series: Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries (Book 17)
  • Paperback: 189 pages
  • Publisher: IVP Academic (February 13, 2009)

Buy it on Amazon or from IVP!

(Special thanks to IVP Academic for allowing me to review this book! I was not obligated to provide a positive review in exchange for this book).

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